I interpret some branding of conventional meaning in symbols as indirect realisms. I will often work from a noted daily collection of featured visual fragments. In order to challenge a possible objective interpretation, I expose features to counterpart fragments in a particular setting. I consider the settings to be in a genre related to landscape planning diagrams, topographical maps or architectural plans. For me, these plans exist as standalone utopian environments where people can create things, or think, or interact, or observe. The content within the environment can be elusive, uncategorizable, and really there is no direct purpose- but one I like to think, a natural affinity based on the fundamentals of the grid system from which these maps were planned. I compile paint, digital prints, silver gelatin prints, and screenprint drawings from computer.